Recent studies have shown that 40-50% of adults between the ages of 20-40 are diagnosed with low-grade persistent acne. Hence, age should be regarded as fallacy as a factor causing pimples and acne.
The causes of acne, however, cannot be pinpointed to one factor. These would include genetics, hormones, physiology, stress and certain cosmetics. This specific type of acne ranges from a few isolated spots to severe breakouts, which could leave unsightly scars.
Acne results from a sebaceous oil gland secretion of excess sebum into the hair follicle, which is line with dead skin cells. This combination clogs up the pores, which are the connectors for the natural flow of oil to the skin’s surface. As bacteria build up, the area becomes inflamed and spots and pimples may appear. This would usually occur where the sebaceous glands are most active, on the face, neck, chest and back. Typical blemishes which may result are whiteheads, blackheads, papules, cysts and scarring.
Oestrogen is an important skin regulator, and an excess of male hormones can cause acne. When the levels of androgen (male hormone) increases during puberty, ovulation, menstruation and childbirth the skin produces more oil and acne may result.
Limited evidence suggests that acne and diet are related. Common culprits to make acne worse include chocolate, caffeine, nuts, high-fat and spicy foods and a high iodide content such as artichokes, seaweed, spinach and shellfish. Certain medications may also cause a flare up.
Skimping on sleep, skipping meals and ingesting too much caffeine induces stress and ultimately triggers the adrenal glands to release cortisol – which increases the secretion sebum. So get enough sleep, follow a balanced diet, drink plenty of water and cut down on caffeine and high fat foods.
Sufferers should attempt to prevent new spots and treat the existing ones as well. A regular purifying and cleansing routine will remove excess sebum on the skin’s surface to cleanse all bacteria. As dead cells become unstuck there is less a chance of clogged pores. If your skin is very oily choose a light lotion to replace moisture without adding oil. Use Benzoyl Peroxide products which is a fast-zapping, nonprescription ingredient that is effective at speeding up the drying up and peeling of spots. Consult a dermatologist who can prescribe a stronger formulation if acne does not respond to non prescriptive remedies. Antibiotics can be taken orally or applied topically. This should obviously be taken under supervision.